Beket-Ata   (http://silkadv.com/en/content/shopan-ata-and-beket-ata )

Beket-Ata was an important Sufi scholar who founded several underground mosques and a madrasa in the Mangistau region of Western Kazakhstan. His burial place, the underground Oglandy mosque, has become an important pilgrimage site for Kazakh muslims.

Aktau – Zhanaozen - mausoleum Kuy-Tam - necropolis and underground mosque Shopan-Ata (XIII c.c.) - natural boundary Oglandy - underground mosque Beket-Ata.

Aktau - Town of Zhanaozen - necropolis Shopan-Ata (X - XIII c.c.) - natural boundary Oglandy - underground mosque Beket-Ata (277 km). 
Transfer: Aktau - depression Karagie - town Zhanaozen - settlement Kyzylsai - mausoleum Kuy-Taz (204 km). Departure at 7.00 from Aktau. Our way lays on southeast through the deepest depression of Kazakhstan - Karagie, which on 132 meters below a sea level. Through this arch the path goes to underground mosque Shopan-Ata.Further ours way to small town of oilmen Zhanaozen. After Zhanaozen, our way lays to settlement Kyzylsai after settlement asphalt comes to an end, we turn on the left on graded road. On this road we shall go up to natural boundary Oglandy. Very first from this the mausoleum Kuy-Tam, which opens a way for pilgrims to the most significant mosques of Mangyshlak. Soon to the left of road the platform for motor vehicles, here is the mausoleum I Forge-there, visiting of the mausoleum, photographing of vicinities, it is possible to listen to a pray local Shirakshi. Further our way proceeds to a underground mosque and necropolis Shopan-Ata - a traditional place of pilgrims which go to mosque Beket-Ata. Transfer: The mausoleum Kuy-Tam - necropolis Shopan-Ata in natural boundary Kyzylsu (2 km). Arrival on necropolis Shopan-Ata. Walk to underground mosque Shopan-Ata, ours a way proceeds past tombs of the saint and necropolis Shopan-Ata. Photographing of a necropolis and a underground mosque, ritual visit the top part of a underground mosque. Transfer: mosque Shopan-Ata - natural boundary Kamysty - mound Golbonshe - natural boundary Oglandy (73 km). Gradually after a necropolis the road Shopan-Ata rises on height Golbonshe with which beautiful panoramas on the north and on the south open. On a way visiting of mountain Sakartau which is to the right of road. From height Golbonshe the magnificent kind on the south - on mountain Bokty which alone towers in the middle of a huge cretaceous hollow opens. Before turn on northeast to mosque Beket-Ata on the right there is far below a well-known natural boundary Boszhira. Soon the road turns on the north and results us in natural boundary Oglandy. After visiting mausoleum Oglandy-Ata it is gone down on steps from shelly plates to underground mosque Beket-Ata. The distance from descent from a plateau up to a underground mosque makes about 1 kilometer of 200 meters, on time it borrows from 25 till 30 minutes. Difference on height from edge of a plateau (precipice) of Ustyurt up to mosque Beket-Ata makes about 200 meters. Visiting of mosque Beket-Ata. Walk to the most ancient necropolis which is below a mosque about 300 meters. Under legends, Beket-Ata veins in cretaceous rooms its habitation consisted of kitchen and two rooms cut down in a rock. Returning to top mosque Beket-Ata (45 minutes). A fine ornament of a trip to underground mosque Beket-Ata can be meetings with Ustyrt moufflons which have chosen to itself natural boundary Oglandy, here moufflons they live and are made reproduce under protection sacred Beket-Ata. Visiting of top mosque Beket-Ata, tea drinking. Transfer to Актау (277 km).




In 1963, the settlement of Aktau received town status. The city is a major oil and gas production center, and is known for its unique heated oil pipeline. Galleries of petroglyphs from the age of nomads (10th-2nd centuries B.C.) have been found on great mounds in the heart of the peninsula, as well as a necropolis with grave markers decorated with complex ornamentation. Two ancient underground mosques, built a thousand years ago, were discovered near Ungazy mountain. The most interesting of these two is Shahbagota mosque, because though Islam banned the portrayal of people or their body parts, on the walls of this mosque, surrounded by lotus blossoms, is a painting of a man’s palm.

The population of Aktau is around 175,000. It is one of the most prosperous towns in this part of Kazakhstan, built in the 1960s on Mangyshlak peninsula. It is the center of the Kazakh oil and gas industry and a Caspian seaport. The only nuclear power station in the country was built not far from Aktau, which also famously powers the city's desalination plant. Some interesting places: underground mosques (10th-12th c.), necropolis (9th-19th c.) on the territory of which there are many stone statues, Beket-Ata necropolis, mausoleums, excavations of Kuskuduk (an ancient settlement on the territory of Kazakhstan), the territory of the ancient town of Kzyl-Kalda (10th-12th c.), the town of Fort Shevchenko (construction began in the 18th c.), Karagie hollow, 132 m below sea level and the 3rd deepest depression in the world, Mangystau desert, and of course the Caspian Sea.



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